Pericles Resources Page

The Resources on this page are free to use with The Annotated Plutarch: Pericles Guide by A Charlotte Mason Plenary.

Any artwork on this page that has a red border is available in the Pericles Picture Study as an 8.5″ x 11″ full-resolution print or as a PDF Download.

Each print comes with detailed information about the painting as well as study questions to connect it to Plutarch’s text.

For more information, see the Plutarch Picture Study for Pericles here..

Lesson #1: THE GOLDEN AGE OF ATHENS

PRINT #1: Dispute between Minerva and Neptune over the Naming of the City of Athens by René-Antoine Houasse

The artist chose to use the Roman names of Minerva and Neptune for this painting rather than the Greek names of Athena and Poseidon.

Read about King Cecrops and the battle between Athena and Poseidon in this book: Old Greek Stories by James Baldwin – chapter titled The Horse and the Olive.”

Statue of Athena
Statue of Athena in Vienna, Austria
Sculpture of Poseidon in Copenhagen, Denmark

Lesson #2: Plutarch's Introduction

Statue of Zeus at Olympus by Phidias
Rendering of the Statue of Zeus at Olympus by Phidias

Read more about the sculptor Phidias and his Statue of Zeus at Olympia at WorldHistory.org.

Dance of Apollo and the Muses by Baldassare Peruzzi
Dance of Apollo and the Muses by Baldassare Peruzzi

Read more about the nine Greek Muses at GreekMythology.com or read an article from Thinking Muse called “9 Muses to Inspire You.”

Lesson #3: Who was Pericles?

Pericles bust with inscription

PRINT #2: Marble Bust of Pericles (Roman copy) by Kresilas

This marble bust of Pericles is a copy of an original statue that once stood at the entrance to the Acropolis in Athens. The original statue was a full-body depiction of Pericles in bronze by the Greek sculptor Kresilas in 430 B.C.E. 

Lesson #4: Pericles the Orator

Learn more about the tyrant Pisistratus:

Lesson #5: The Great Buildings of Athens

The Parthenon
The Parthenon
Entrance to the Acropolis by Pierer
Rendering of the entrance to the Acropolis in Athens
Akropolis by Leo von Klenze

PRINT #3: Acropolis at Athens by Leo von Klenze

Acropolis at Athens by Leo von Klenze is an idealized view of what the Acropolis and surrounding buildings might have looked like shortly after completion. 

Watch a virtual reality tour of the Acropolis in all its glory. Or view the ruins as they look today.

Phidias Showing the Frieze of the Parthenon to his Friends by Lawrence Alma-Tadema Pericles Plutarch

PRINT #4: Phidias Showing the Frieze of the Parthenon to his Friends by Lawrence Alma-Tadema

Phidias Showing the Frieze of the Parthenon to his Friends by Lawrence Alma-Tadema shows the Greek sculptor Phidias unveiling his work on the upper frieze of the Parthenon. Scaffolding has been built to allow the citizens to view the frieze up close. Phidias is shown as the central figure in a black robe. 

The Parthenon Frieze at the Acropolis Museum
The Parthenon Frieze at the Acropolis Museum

frieze is a broad horizontal band of sculpted decoration near the ceiling. The Parthenon frieze consists of 115 marble blocks, each approximately 3 1/2 feet high and 4 1/2 feet wide.

You can view the original marble slabs of the Parthenon frieze at the British Museum and at the Acropolis Museum. Be sure to try the Acropolis Museum’s Google Art Project for a virtual tour of the museum!

You can also watch these videos about the Parthenon and it’s sculptures:

What happened to the Parthenon? Find out in this article from History Today

Parthenon replica in Nashville, TN
Athena Parthenos replica in Nashville, TN

Did you know there is a Parthenon replica in Nashville, Tennessee? And it even has a replica of the Athena Parthenos statue! 
For more information about the Nashville Parthenon, visit the city’s official Nashville Parthenon website. To learn more about the Athena Parthenos statue by artist Alan LeQuire, see his website and the Athena gallery here

Pallas Athena by Rembrandt

PRINT #5: Pallas Athena by Rembrandt

Lesson #6: The First Peloponnesian War

Map of the Peloponnesian War in the Time of Pericles
Map of some of the Greek city-states in the Time of Pericles
The Delian League vs the Spartan League during the Peloponnesian War

PRINTS #6 and #7: Maps of Ancient Greece during the Peloponnesian Wars

The blank map on the left shows the general landscape of Greece and surrounding lands during the time of Pericles. The map on the right shows the various Greek city-states that were allied within the Delian League and the Spartan League during the Peloponnesian War. 

Ostraca
Ostraca pottery
Ostracon - Thémistocles from 482 BCE
Ostracon for Thémistocles
Ostrakon - Cimon 486 or 461 BCE
Ostracon for Cimon

Ostracon pottery from Ancient Greece – These pottery fragments were used as ballots in trials of ostracism. 

Greek warships called Triremes
Greek warships called Triremes

Learn more about the Greek warships called triremes:

The Friendship of Pericles for Anaxagoras by Jean-Charles Nicaise Perrin

PRINT #8: The Friendship of Pericles for Anaxagoras by Jean-Charles Nicaise Perrin

Lesson #8: The SECOND Peloponnesian War - aspasia's influence

The Debate of Socrates and Aspasia by Monsiau

PRINT #9: The Debate of Socrates and Aspasia by Nicolas-Andre Monsiau

These two paintings by Nicolas Andre Monsiau depict two different scenes regarding Aspasia and her influence on the learned men of Athens.

To learn more about Socrates, read one or more of:

Aspasia Conversing with Famous Men by Nicolas Andre Monsiau
Aspasia Conversing with Famous Men by Nicolas Andre Monsiau
Marble Bust of Aspasia
Marble Bust of Aspasia

Lesson #9: Pericles' Funeral Speech

Pericles' Funeral Oration by Philipp Foltz

PRINT #10: Pericles’ Funeral Oration by Philipp Foltz

Lesson #12: Pericles and Athenian Democracy ToDay

I hope you have enjoyed learning about the life of Pericles! I would love to hear what your students liked best! Leave me a comment! Or, better yet, have your student leave a comment!

Rachel

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